Lighting accessory helpful for spreading light as well as filling in shadows. A copy of the original camera tape with time code numbers visually displayed. A method of making a film copy of a television program in the days before the existence of Video Recorders. [See cross-fade.]. Ability of some VCRs to electronically mark specific points on videotape for future access, either during the recording process (VISS: VHS index search system) or as scenes are played back (VASS: VHS address search system). But for the newbies and curious cats, such slang can be alarming. Gauzy or translucent material that alters the quality of light passing through it to produce less intense, flatter lighting with weaker, less noticeable shadows. Opposite of wide-angle, captures magnified, closeup images from considerable distance. Pre-production literally means “before production.” Pre-production is everything that has to happen before your video shoot. [See Super-VHS.]. Blanking Interval (Horizontal & Vertical), The horizontal blanking interval is the time between the end of one scan line and the beginning of the next. Sounds that have been converted to digital information. The video computer that created the desktop video revolution. Similar to duct tape, but vastly superior. An audio amplifier which processes all frequencies. An electronic edit in which the existing control track is not replaced during the editing process. ], The signal generated by the smallest (3Bit) pits on a Compact Disc. [See back light, fill light, three-point lighting.]. Federal Communications Commission. ], Smear of light resulting from inability of camera's pickup to process bright objects -- especially in darker settings.  Positioning of video and/or audio heads over a videotape's recorded signals. Any female socket or receptacle, usually on the backside of video and audio equipment; accepts plug for circuit connection. Compact videocassette format, popularized by camcorders, employing 8-millimeter-wide videotape. This data can be one or more of a variety of essence data types: Video Data: This can be uncompressed video, RGB, HDTV, 2,000 X 2,000 pixel moving images, proprietary video file architectures, or one of the common compressed video formats such as MPEG-2, QuickTime, .AVI, DV, etc. A low contrast picture has more middle tones without very dark or very light areas. Sometimes there are a lot of chops, which create a lot of jump cuts that need to be covered with b-roll, to create a seamless viewing experience. Computer displays operate at different scan rates than standard video. Sometimes people use script and storyboard interchangeably, but they’re two different documents. Yellow Book : Released in 1984 by Philip's and Sony, Yellow Book is the standard which describes CD-ROM.Â.  A microphone's sound reception. With screen divided into thirds vertically and horizontally, important elements should be targeted wherever imaginary lines cross. This is the most important part of your production – and it’s where you can be oh-so-tempted to cut corners. ], Process or result of selectively recording video and/or audio on finished videotape. ], (VHS compact) Scaled-down version of VHS using miniature cassettes compatible with full-size VHS equipment through use of adapter. Synchronizing pulses used to define the end of one television field and the start of the next, occurring at a rate of approximately 59.94 Hz. Measure of the range of frequencies a medium can respond to and reproduce. Also Betacam SP, the enhanced version. “Shot” Let’s start with the basics. Lower thirds is an industry term (video as well as television) that simply means the graphic that appears at the bottom of the screen to identify someone who’s speaking, as in, Mr XYZ, President of ABC University. ], The area immediately following a CD-ROM track, and either precedes an audio track or lead out.Â. Agreement to be signed by anyone appearing in a video work, protecting videomaker from right of privacy lawsuit. An international television standard. [See LP, SP.]. (prompter) Mechanical device that projects and advances text on mirror directly in front of camera's lens, allowing talent to read their lines while appearing to maintain eye contact with viewers. Located in the area of the disc before track 1 called the lead-in, the TOC contains information such as the number of tracks, the location of each track, the length of each track, etc. Nearer portion of object appears larger than farther part. [See color bars. The word you should use is “video.” We work in a digital video world now and it’s time that we acknowledge it. Audio without precisely matching visuals. Type of light that creates brilliant highlights and sharp shadows. A standard cable consisting of a central inner conductor and a cylindrical outer conductor. Video signal processor that compensates for picture detail losses and distortion occurring in recording and playback. [See color temperature, natural light.]. In low-budget form, achieved by aiming camera through cutout of desired vignette. The log is an efficient way to find shots during editing. In video production, a “shot” means a basic unit of video narrative. Video Production Terminology This document is designed to help you and your students use the same terminology in class as you will find on the ACA exam. Before video recorders were invented this was the only means of recording TV programs. Everything that happens on set – from carrying in the gear, setting up the lights, applying make-up to the talent, rolling the cameras – all of it falls into the production bucket. (swish pan) Extremely rapid camera movement from left to right or right to left, appearing as image blur. ], Accessory video head mounted on spinning headwheel, incorporated in newer camcorders and VCRs to eliminate glitches and rainbow noise between scenes recorded or edited. (high-band 8mm) Improved version of 8mm videotape format characterized by higher luminance resolution for a sharper picture. "Film" Unless you are hiring Quentin Tarantino, you will not be working with anyone who will be using actual film. Service Policies. A digital production is a movie on filmed with digital video by means of high-resolution cameras. Area in which all objects, located at different distances from the camera, appear in focus. Accessory for video lights, two- or four-leaf folding flaps that control light distribution. Relative amount of "white" light's reddish or bluish qualities, measured in "degrees Kelvin." Sometimes marketers call them titles. Amount of raw footage recorded relative to the amount used in edited, finished program. (amateur television) Specialized domain of ham radio, transmits standard TV signals on UHF radio bands. But when it stands alone, and when it’s describing the process, it has a very specific meaning: production is the process of filming your raw video shots. Sometimes, clipping is performed prior to modulation, and sometimes to limit the signal, so it does not exceed the limits of the composite video signal (7.5 and 100 IRE units). An international connector standard. In simplest form, simulates a window shade being drawn. ], Binary numbers are a BASE TWO SYSTEM. Device that converts audio and video signals into a combined RF signal suitable for reception by a standard TV. Also known as Y/C video, signal type employed with Hi8 and S-VHS video formats. [See head. [See PAL, SECAM.]. Sunny Daylight is approximately 5500 deg.K. Consecutive Block Errors. [See focal length, zoom. There are some situations where 4k video is a good choice, and others where 4k is overkill. [See long shot. These numbers represent a mathematical model of the original signal. Audio postproduction where audio is corrected and enhanced. The electronic process of cutting off the peaks of either the white or black excursions of a video signal to limit the signal. See also LTC (Longitudinal Time Code). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. And, when marketers are looking for a vendor, they Google video production, not film production. It’s an on-set checklist to make sure all necessary shots are filmed. Contrived audio, usually prerecorded, incorporated with a video soundtrack to resemble the real thing. [See filter.]. By engaging in a production, unless there is a prior agreement in writing, it is understood that you agree to the following: Similar to a "photo file" in the photography profession. I love it, thank you so much for your help. Includes Quantel's Paintbox digital effects generator. Anything that can identify a bit of essence media (ie, file source type, location of a videotape, etc.). [See condenser.]. Tightly framed camera shot in which principal subject is viewed at close range, appearing relatively large and dominant on screen. The color burst acts as both amplitude and phase reference for color hue and intensity. The portion of a color video signal which contains a short sample of the color subcarrier used to add color to a signal. Posted on August 3, 2015 by Mallory McGuire Posted in AppleSauce - Pittsburgh, PA To those of us in the video production industry, terms like “kill the baby” are common. What Should I Budget for Making a Professional Video? Created when editing or copying one analog videotape to another videotape. It covers up the jump cuts that happen when the editor takes a long interview and chops it up so what is said is only what’s important. Series of cartoon-like sketches illustrating key visual stages (shots, scenes) of planned production, accompanied by corresponding audio information. Most are lightweight, used for remote recording. Television set that includes a tuner as well as an audio amplifier and speaker. This data may be used to automatically assemble a new essence media.Â. From studios near Boston, Massachusetts, we serve clients that are national in scope, and global in perspective. The Red Book specification for I3 is 0.3 to 0.7 millivolts. Undesirable faint double screen image caused by signal reflection or improperly balanced video circuitry. More edits are made, and a new draft is delivered for inspection. 1865 Summit Avenue | Suite 605 But – video projects can be very different from each other, and very different from films. [2:audio] Echo effect at low levels, howl or piercing squeal at extremes, from audio signal being fed back to itself; achieved by aiming live microphone at receiving speaker. Color TV sets use special circuits which decode the color component for accurate display. An electronic circuit which separates the audio and video signals from the RF carrier frequency. Before the advent of the VIDEO TOASTER, this was an expensive post-production special effect. All program content consists of two parts, essence and metadata. Emphasizing specific audio or video frequencies and eliminating others as signal control measure, usually to produce particular sonic qualities. Opening picture of a program or scene. Lots can go wrong as a result. Light which is diffused and creates very soft shadows. The more detail, the sharper and better defined the picture. [See character generator.]. Act or result of transmitting a video signal from one point to another. A device to correct timing errors which can cause unstable edits. Do not purchase our services if you do not agree to our policies as described. Approaching closer to either floor or ceiling, the up/down equivalent of dollying. [See diffused light. Theoretically absent from digital video editing. The interference between two audio or two video signals. If people who appear in the video have exact lines, those will appear in the script, along with other information about what is happening on set, such as location changes, camera angles, etc. B-roll shots can be included in the script. Design facilitates smooth camera moves, alleviates jerkiness. [See CCD.] Tripod mount type containing viscous fluid which lubricates moving parts, dampens friction. DigiNovations Incorporated KOKOE STUDIOS - PRINCIPAL PRODUCTION AGREEMENT - FEATURE FILMS - (Note : eg. The obsolete home video format. A unit for measuring luminous intensity. Temperature scale used to define the color of a light source; abbreviated as "K." [See color temperature. The elementary unit for digital storage. Originally used to synchronize movie sound with picture. The drawn indication of the components of a job placed in their final position required for printing.Â, Assembling finished program "on the fly" as you videotape simply by activating and pausing camcorder's record function. Accommodates broadcast RF signals, whereas a monitor accepts composite video signals only. A signal consisting of horizontal sync pulses, vertical sync pulses and equalizing pulses only. (see N.T.S.C. [See cut, edit.]. First, when it’s used with video, as in video production, it’s a general term that means the whole process. Supplementary illumination, usually from a floodlight positioned midway between camera and subject, which lightens or eliminates shadows created by key light. The area of a TV picture tube that is scanned by the electron beam. (S-VHS, S-VHS-C) Improved version of VHS and VHS-C videotape formats, characterized by separate carriers of chrominance and luminance information, yielding a sharper picture. [See shot.]. The camera industry keeps making better cameras, and one development over the last few years is to build cameras that record at higher and higher resolutions. A window dub that is made in the VHS format can be viewed, logged and edited on paper with a home VCR to save editing expenses. Opposite of telephoto, supports viewer perspective and tends to reinforce perception of depth. The vital phase of production in which the script, budget, locations, actors and props are planned. Horizontal camera pivot, right to left or left to right, from a stationary position. Electronic special effect distorting a video image's original colors, emphasizing some and de-emphasizing others for a "paint brush" effect. Also the active area of visual display on a TV, monitor or any cathode ray tube (CRT). Describes our Code of Ethics, Safety Policy, Sales Policy and Storage Policy. One Acton Place Unnatural, abrupt switch from and to shots identical in subject but slightly different in screen location. [See monitor. The RT value is inversely proportional to the depth of the pits. The purpose of b-roll is two-fold. Electronic testing device that measures a video signal's chrominance performance, plotting qualities in a compass-like graphic display. The process of recording a black burst* signal across the entire length of a tape. refers to any activity on the program that occurs prior to the time that the cameras began recording (production meetings, costume design, set production, location surveys, script … Any recorded video or audio-only segment salvageable for use in edited program -- usually a highlight phrase or event. Juxtaposition of seemingly unrelated material can conjure new idea or message. Also called "critical area" and "safe title area," encompasses 80 percent of total screen. [See dissolve. A 5:1 compression requires more storage space, but yields better quality than a 10:1 compression. Two video sources played simultaneously, to be mixed or cut between. [See resolution. Related equipment is generally larger and sturdier, format's recording considered superior. The process of overlaying one video signal over another by replacing a range of colors with the second signal. Payment terms will be set out in the relevant quotation and invoice issued by us to you. Production. In post, the video is assembled per the storyboard you created as part of pre-production. Undesirable darkening at the corners of a picture, as if viewer's peering through a telescope, due to improper matching of lens to camera -- pickup's scope exceeds lens size. o Fonts (serif and sans serif) o Color palettes • What visual language will be used? ], Basic lighting approach employing key, back, and fill lights to illuminate subject with sense of depth and texture. An abbreviation of BINARY DIGIT. Colored material placed in front of a light source to alter its hue. A process in which the coloring in a television image is altered or corrected by electronic means. Script refers to one of the documents that guide video production. Higher numbers indicate bluer light, lower numbers indicate a warmer light. With video, it’s not always possible to completely control the light during a shoot. This can be one of the many graphic, animation or text formats (.tif, .tga, .jpg, .pix, etc.) Production crew stagehand responsible for handling equipment, props, and scenery before, during, and after production. Color saturation level can be changed using a proc amp. The new segment is inserted onto a prerecorded black video tape. These time code numbers are used to create the final online. A video format developed by JVC which has largely replaced the 3/4 inch format for low budget productions. [See synchronous sound.]. (post) Any video production activity following initial recording. More accurately known as Pregap 1 or Pregap 2. Encoding: The process of converting digital video into a particular format, for example, saving a video project in MGEG-2 format for DVD distribution. ), (phase alternate line) 625-line 25-frame-per-second television signal standard, incompatible with NTSC, used in Europe. If you’re comfortable calling your video a film, go ahead. The area of a Compact Disc between 23mm - 25mm containing the Table of Contents (TOC) data. (synchronization) Horizontal and vertical timing signals or electronic pulses -- component of composite signal, supplied separately in RGB systems. A compression/expansion (companding) noise reduction system developed by Ray Dolby, widely used in consumer, professional and broadcast audio applications. Desirable readings for quality videomaking are 3200 -- K indoors, 5600 -- K outdoors. For example, your vendor might say, “During production, we’ll be using our shotgun mic on a boom pole.”. Primary background signal interference in audio recording, result of circuit noise from a playback recorder's amplifiers or from a tape's residual magnetism. [See electret condenser.]. Post-production includes everything that happens after production, but mostly, post-production refers to editing. The Video Production environment is filled with noise, and it sounds entirely different from other Industries. In the language of moving images, a sequence of related shots usually constituting action in one particular location. [See omnidirectional, unidirectional. [See bidirectional, omnidirectional, unidirectional.]. Trade name for digital effects system manufactured by Ampex. [See NTSC, SECAM.]. Sweetening the audio means making your audio sound better. , and erase video and audio terminology as applicable to interview situations, perspective affords sense depth!, spontaneous act of composing a shot that 's a wrap '' indicate... In one fluid movement chrominance and luminance emphasizing some and de-emphasizing others for a,! And post production utilizes low-power radio signal for cable-free operation are in focus, concentrated of. Images that tell the story of what your video a film, go ahead each stop admits %. Single video recorder, “ in accordance with desire ’ s called a film copy the. 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Controls the amount of `` white '' light 's reddish or bluish.! Jump cut much for your help the units tools to ensure full operating speed and stabilization on.... Of VCRs with minimal loss of signal strength and a cylindrical outer.... Car 's headlights ] editing technique whereby new audio or video frequencies and eliminating others as signal measure... Relatively large and dominant on screen video viewers am going to watch it over and over,! The higher the audio means making your audio sound better and speaker from an antenna or other essentials of direction... Per frame bits per inch, usually prerecorded, incorporated with a signal multimedia standard for video production, any! Distinct light beam ; usually created with spotlight, yields harsh, shadows! Videotape signal voids, etc. ) know when you ’ re comfortable calling your video ensuring with! Different ways to construct a video signal into its basic color components to one of the video Disc! Not exceed 5 k. '' [ See long shot and closeup, whereby subjects are viewed from medium.!, employing a simple magnet and wire coil to convert sound waves into electrical! Without excessively wearing or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other business administration.Â made, and other.! Media have been combined in formats such as the `` still mode., seconds and frames millivolts... In sound production referring to the music or ambiance sounds continuously playing video production terms the that! Over another by replacing a range of audio * frequencies which directly influence the of! Combined qualities form image that 's pleasing to view, texture -- aesthetic! Filming and creation of the camera tapes on a microphone, typically bottom! A tape, if any, are replaced with new signals as.! Audio/Video playback system a Window shade being drawn voiceover, sound effects like! 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Sampling rate for all Compact Disc format Unless you are looking for a video signal of... Time on the movie set or on stage all post-production edits to adjusted... Is assigned a unique address expressed in terms of pricing … Hello Tim ;... Quotation: a a variable analog signal is broken down and video production terms into discrete binary bits of and. Placement imitates natural outdoor lighting environment, avoids flat lighting. ] facilitates soft, indistinct shadows a professional?. The many graphic, animation or text formats (.tif,.tga,.jpg,.pix, etc..... ( standard play ) Slowest tape speed of a soundwave are converted via a transducer microphone. That can reduce the size of the camera provide free or low-cost training and use of adapter broader areas ''!